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Starting a materials review: a step-by-step way

Patricia Cronin, Frances Ryan, Michael Coughlan

research literary works on the theme being analyzed (Hart, 1998). Its objective is to accept the reader up to date with current literature over a topic and form the basis for another target, such as the approval for future research inside the area. A fantastic literature review gathers information about a particular subject from many sources. It can be well written and possesses few if any personal biases. It may contain a very clear search and selection strategy (Carnwell and Daly, 2001). Good structuring is essential to enhance the circulation and legibility of the review. Accurate use of terminology is important and jargon should be kept to a minimum. Referencing should be exact throughout (Colling, 2003).

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Nowadays, many nurses, pre- and post-qualification, will be needed to undertake a literature assessment at some point, either as part of a course of study, as being a key step up the research method, or as part of clinical practice development or perhaps policy. Intended for student rns and amateur researchers it is usually seen as a tough undertaking. That demands a complex range of skills, such as learning to define topics for exploration, acquiring abilities of materials searching and retrieval, producing the ability to examine and synthesize data and becoming adept at writing and reporting, generally within a limited time level. The purpose of this article is to present a step-by-step tips for facilitate understanding by showing the critical elements of the literature assessment process. Although reference is made to different types of materials reviews, major is within the traditional or narrative review that is taken on, usually possibly as a great academic project or area of the research method. Key words: Research and synthesis searching d Writing a review n

Types of books reviews Classic or narrative literature review This type of review critiques and summarizes a body of literature and draws conclusions about the subject in question. The body of literature comprises of the relevant research and reassurance that address the topic area. It is typically selective in the materials it uses, although the criteria for selecting specific options for assessment are not usually apparent to the reader. This type of review is advantageous in gathering together a volume of materials in a specific subject area and summarizing and synthesizing that. Its major purpose is usually to provide the visitor with a extensive background for understanding current knowledge and highlighting the significance of new exploration. It can motivate research ideas by discovering gaps or inconsistencies within a body of knowledge, thus helping the specialist to determine or define analysis questions or perhaps hypotheses. Beecroft et 's (2006) argue that a completely focused exploration question is vital before undertaking a materials review. Equally, however , it can help refine or perhaps focus a broad research problem and is helpful for both topic selection and topic improvement. It can also be attractive developing conceptual or assumptive frameworks (Coughlan

Literature assessment

n

Literature

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this individual reasons for starting a materials review are numerous and can include eliciting info for developing policies and evidence-based attention, a step in the research process and as element of an academics assessment. To numerous qualified nursing staff and nursing students confronted with undertaking a literature review the task looks daunting. Frequently-asked questions vary from where to start, tips on how to select a subject, and how a large number of articles to add, to what is involved in a review of the books. The aim of this article is to present a step-by-step method of undertaking an assessment the literature to facilitate student nurses' and beginner reviewers' understanding.

What is a materials review?

A literature assessment is a target, thorough summary and crucial analysis in the relevant readily available...

References: The literature review should conclude with a full bibliographical set of all the catalogs, journal content articles, reports and other media, which were referred to in the work. Regardless of whether the review is element of a training or to get publication, it is an essential portion of the process that every sourced materials is identified. This means that every citation in the text must appear in the reference/bibliography and vice versa. Omissions or errors in referring to are very prevalent and pupils often drop vital signifies in project because of it. A useful technique is to make a separate file for references every time a publication is definitely cited, it could be added to this list immediately. Several universities present their learners access to referring to systems, such as Endnote, and while they may in the beginning appear difficult to learn they are worth the effort later when it comes to ensuring the reference list is accurate. Keep in mind, the reference list may be a useful source of literature for others who also are interested in studying this theme (Coughlan ou al, 2007), and, therefore , every effort should be made to ensure it is correct.

Beecroft C, Rees A, Booth A (2006) Seeking the evidence. In: Gerrish E, Lacey A, eds. The study Process in Nursing. 5th edn. Blackwell Publishing, Philadephia: 90–106 Beyea S, Nicholl L (1998) Writing a great integrative review. AORN Record 67(4): 877–80 Burns D, Grove SK (2007) Understanding Nursing Analysis – Building an EvidenceBased Practice. 4th edn. Saunders Elsevier, St Louis Carnwell R, Daly W (2001) Strategies for the construction of a crucial review of the literature. Doctor Educ Pract 1: 57–63 Cohen G (1990) Memory. In: Roth I, ed. The Available University's Introduction to Psychology. Volume 2 . Milton Keynes, Lawrence Eribaum: 570–620 Colling T (2003) Demystifying the clinical nursing research process: the literature assessment. Urol Nurs 23(4): 297–9 Coughlan Meters, Cronin S, Ryan N (2007) Step-by-step guide to critiquing research. Portion 1: quantitative research. Bayerischer rundfunk J Nurs 16(11): 658–63 Ely C, Scott My spouse and i (2007) Important Study Expertise for Nursing jobs. Elsevier, Edinburgh Hart C (1998) Performing a Literature Assessment. Sage Journals, London Hek G, Langton H (2000) Systematically searching and critiquing literature. Doctor Res 7(3): 40–57 Hek G, Moule P (2006) Making Feeling of Exploration: An Introduction for Health and Sociable Care Professionals. 3rd edn. Sage Guides, London Hendry C, Farley A (1998) Reviewing the literature: helpful tips for students. Nurs Stand 12(44): 46–8 Newell R, Burnard P (2006) Research pertaining to Evidence-Based Practice. Blackwell Submitting, Oxford Paniagua H (2002) Planning analysis: methods and ethics. Practice Nursing 13(1): 22–5 Parahoo K (2006) Nursing Exploration – principles, process and issues. subsequent edn. Palgrave, Houndsmill Patrick LJ, Munro S (2004) The materials review: demystifying the materials search. Diabetes Educ 30(1): 30–8 Polit DF, Beck CT (2004) Nursing Analysis: principles and methods. 7th edn. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia Polit M, Beck C (2006) Basics of Breastfeeding Research: Strategies, Appraisal and Utilization. 6th edn. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Phila. Timmins F, McCabe C (2005) How you can conduct an efficient literature assessment. Nurs Stand 20(11): 41–7 Younger S (2004) Creating an online business to carry out a literature search. Nurs Stand 19(6): 45–51

KEY POINTS

n Starting a literature review can be described as key characteristic in many methods of study, a vital step in the study process, which is fundamental inside the development of specialized medical practice and policy. in Types of literature opinions include narrative or traditional; systematic review; meta-analysis and meta-synthesis. d Undertaking a literature review includes identification of a matter of interest, searching and retrieving the appropriate literature, analysing and synthesizing the findings and writing a report. n An organized step-by-step procedure facilitates the creation of a complete and knowledgeable literature review.

Conclusion

A literature review is central to the research process and can help improve a research issue through identifying inconsistencies within a body of knowledge. Similarly, it can help inspire fresh research improvements and suggestions while creating greater understanding about a subject. It can enable a beginner

British Log of Medical, 2008, Vol 17, Simply no 1

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