Porter's Diamonds of National advantages

 Porter’s Precious stone of Countrywide advantages Article

Transit Stud Rev (2008) 15: 303–319

DOI twelve. 1007/s11300-008-0017-2


Trimming Porter's Previous Diamond: Competitive

and Relative (Dis)advantages inside the Dutch Flower


Ernesto Tavoletti Æ Robbin te Velde

Received: 14 March 2008 as well as Accepted: 13 April 2008 / Released online: twelve July 2008 Ó Springer-Verlag 2008

Abstract The Dutch are the world's leaders inside the flower business even though they will seem to lack comparative advantage in the classic sense. Comparative advantages played a role in the history of the Dutch flower cluster and in addition they still have a role today. Depending on a vit of Porter's theories, the investigation suggests that the fermage of comparison advantages can be allowed just to those firms and clusters that previously possess a competitive advantage, based on technology, logistics infrastructure, creativity and man skills. So that comparative positive aspects and competitive advantages connect a sort of helix process based upon social advancement and group learning.

Keywords Dutch flower cluster Á Comparative positive aspects Á

Competitive advantages Á District Á Innovation Á Cluster

JEL Classification

Q17 Á M16 Á L26


The present article is usually an exploratory case study of the Dutch flower cluster and it is intended to outlook opportunities and threats due to its future. The Dutch flower cluster moved through significant success for decades but the latest development inside the international markets has raised questions regarding its competition and environ-

E. Tavoletti (& )

University of Macerata, Macerata, Italy

email-based: ernesto. [email protected] it

L. te Velde

Dialogic Creativity and Conversation, The Hague, The Netherlands e-mail: [email protected] nl



E. Tavoletti, R. te Velde

mental sustainability. Is a Dutch flower cluster going to survive competition from growing countries with cheap work, superior environment and elevating long range distribution? Do they offer a future in a global overall economy for the over regulated Dutch flower cluster based on family SMEs and greenhouses?

Our exploration questions have a general theoretical interest in the cluster literary works because farming clusters happen to be potentially a lot more affected by remarkable Ricardian comparison advantages in developing countries. As the Dutch flower cluster is a very high-tech and knowledge rigorous one, can make the issue more relevant: Can the socially powered knowledge exchanges (Storper 1993, 1995, 1997) and longer lasting ‘‘social fabric'' rival growing countries advantages on creation factors?

Avoir is the most reported scholar with reference to clusters' competitive advantage and he defines a group as ‘‘a geographically proximate group of connected with each other companies and associated establishments in a particular field linked by characteristics and complementarities'' (Porter 2k, p. 16) with a good focus on constituent firms and no significant mention of the the cluster ‘‘social and territorial'' know-how while the newest literature regarding cluster competitive advantage moved from the cluster and its constituent firms to the character of the organizational understanding within the bunch (Tallman ain al. 2005; Asheim ainsi que al. 2006). Developing countries' strong overall performance has introduced some doubts in the general look at. Are comparative advantages depending on cheap work and remarkable climate taking ‘‘historical revenge'', as opposed to Porter's competitive positive aspects and ‘‘knowledge based clusters'' (Cooke and Leydesdorff 2006)? The article investigates this theoretical issue through the Dutch flower cluster. ‘‘Theoretical framework and methodology'' reveals our theoretical framework and methodology: starting from a essenti of Porter's competitive edge approach, we all introduce a new theoretical framework based on a revaluation of comparative positive aspects and their active historical marriage with competitive advantages. ‘‘The Dutch flower cluster'' provides an...

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